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商务部:2021年中国“一带一路”贸易投资发展报告

营销老司机 | 25年营销者分享营销的点点滴滴 2021/11/22 13:46
商务部 非券商

《报告》显示,截至2021年6月,中国已同140个国家和32个国际组织签署206份共建“一带一路”合作文件,涵盖互联互通、投资、贸易、金融、科技、社会、人文、民生、海洋等领域。中国与共建“一带一路”国家不断完善多双边及区域合作机制,达成一系列重要共识,扩大发展成果惠及面。

《报告》指出,2021年,团结合作、逆势增长成为共建“一带一路”的关键词。新冠肺炎疫情席卷全球,凸显了共建“健康丝绸之路”的重要性。中国努力克服疫情影响,始终秉持人类命运共同体理念,积极推进国际抗疫合作,扩大对共建“一带一路”国家医疗援助规模,有序开展医疗物资出口,推动“互联网 ”医疗服务、云消费、共享经济等新业态新模式助力抗疫。

在疫情背景下,“一带一路”经贸合作逆势前行,贸易规模持续扩大,对外投资逆势上扬,合作平台建设稳步推进,丝路电商亮点突出,展现出强劲韧性和生机活力。货物贸易方面,2013—2020年,中国与“一带一路”沿线国家货物贸易额由1.04万亿美元增至1.35万亿美元,占中国货物贸易总额的比重由25%升至29.1%。

2013年以来,中国与沿线国家货物贸易额累计达9.2万亿美元。服务贸易方面,2020年,中国与“一带一路”沿线国家完成服务进出口额844.7亿美元;其中,服务出口377.3亿美元,服务进口467.4亿美元。投资方面,2020年,在全球对外直接投资同比缩水35%的背景下,中国境内投资者在“一带一路”沿线的58个国家实现直接投资186.1亿美元,占同期总额的14%,较上年占比提升0.3个百分点。工程建设方面,2013—2020年,中国在“一带一路”沿线国家承包工程新签合同额由715.7亿美元增至1414.6亿美元,年均增长10.2%;完成营业额由654亿美元增至911.2亿美元,年均增长4.9%。



According to the "Report", as of June 2021, China has signed 206 cooperation documents for jointly building the "Belt and Road" with 140 countries and 32 international organizations, covering interconnection, investment, trade, finance, technology, society, humanities, People's livelihood, ocean and other fields. China and the countries building the "Belt and Road" have continuously improved multilateral, bilateral and regional cooperation mechanisms, reached a series of important consensuses, and expanded the benefits of development results.

The "Report" pointed out that in 2021, unity and cooperation and growth against the trend have become the key words for the joint construction of the "Belt and Road". The new crown pneumonia epidemic has swept the world, highlighting the importance of jointly building a "healthy silk road". China strives to overcome the impact of the epidemic, always upholds the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, actively promotes international anti-epidemic cooperation, expands the scale of medical assistance to countries that jointly build the “Belt and Road”, conducts export of medical supplies in an orderly manner, and promotes “Internet” medical services, cloud consumption, and New business models and models such as the sharing economy help fight the epidemic.

Against the backdrop of the epidemic, the economic and trade cooperation of the “Belt and Road” is advancing against the trend, the scale of trade continues to expand, foreign investment is rising against the trend, the construction of cooperation platforms is progressing steadily, and the Silk Road e-commerce highlights are prominent, showing strong resilience and vitality. In terms of trade in goods, from 2013 to 2020, China's trade in goods with countries along the “Belt and Road” increased from US$1.04 trillion to US$1.35 trillion, and its share in China's total trade in goods rose from 25% to 29.1%.

Since 2013, the total trade volume of goods between China and countries along the route has reached 9.2 trillion US dollars. In terms of service trade, in 2020, China and the countries along the “Belt and Road” completed service imports and exports of 84.47 billion U.S. dollars; of which, service exports were 37.73 billion U.S. dollars and service imports were 46.74 billion U.S. dollars. In terms of investment, in 2020, against the background of a 35% year-on-year decrease in global direct investment abroad, Chinese domestic investors realized US$18.61 billion in direct investment in 58 countries along the “Belt and Road”, accounting for 14% of the total in the same period, compared with the previous year. The proportion increased by 0.3%. In terms of engineering construction, from 2013 to 2020, the value of new contracts signed by China in countries along the “Belt and Road” increased from US$71.57 billion to US$141.46 billion, an average annual increase of 10.2%; the completed turnover increased from US$65.4 billion to US$91.12 billion US dollars, an average annual growth rate of 4.9%.


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